Welcome to Nova Scotia – home of Cape Breton and the Acadian Coast. Come join us on a journey of exploration, entertainment and excitement. Tour our website to learn all about this beautiful and vast province and see what Nova Scotia has to offer. Explore our links and toolbars to learn what to do, places to see, must see attractions, where to dine, as well as read about the history and the folklore of one of Canada’s best keep secrets. Once you've explored Atlantic Portal.com, a vacation in the province will definitely be in your future!
Nova Scotia is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces and is the most populous province in Atlantic Canada. The provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest province in Canada with an area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,300 sq mi). As of 2009, the population is 940,397, which makes Nova Scotia the second-most-densely populated province.
The province includes regions of the Mi'kmaq nation of Mi'kma'ki. Nova Scotia was already home to the Mi'kmaq people when the first European colonists arrived. In 1604, French colonists established the first permanent European settlement in Canada and the first north of Florida at Port Royal, founding what would become known as Acadia.
The British Conquest of Acadia happened in 1710. At this time the Capital Port Royal was renamed Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. The capital of Nova Scotia moved from Annapolis Royal to the newly established Halifax in 1749.
In 1763 Cape Breton Island and St. John's Island (now Prince Edward Island) became part of Nova Scotia. In 1769, St. John's Island became a separate colony. Nova Scotia included present-day New Brunswick until that province was established in 1784.
In 1867 Nova Scotia was one of the four founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation. Along with a large population who descended from Scotland, there are also Mi'kmaq, English, Irish, Acadian, African-Nova Scotians, German, Italian and many other peoples in Nova Scotia.